1975: General Daniel Chappie James was promoted to General and became first black officer to make four-star rank.
1943: The Liberty Ship Frederick Douglass was torpedoed and sank in the Atlantic Ocean.
1838: Disguised as a sailor, Frederick Douglass escaped to freedom in the North.
1848: Birth date of inventor Lewis Howard Latimer.
1800: James Durham was the first recognized black doctor.
1954: Washington D.C. and Baltimore, MD, public schools integrated.
1901-1981: Dies Roy Wilkins, second Executive Director of NAACP
1817: Death of Revolutionary era leader and business man Captain Paul Cuffe.
1884: Congressman John R. Lynch presided over the Republican National Convention.
1959: Duke Ellington won Springarn Medal for his musical achievements.
1913: Olympic athlete Jesse Owens was born in Decatur, Georgia.
1889: Lewis Latimer invented and patented an electric lamp with a carbon filament.
1940: President FD Roosevelt signed Selective Service Act, allowing blacks to enter all branches of the U.S. Military Service.
1830: Blacks held 1st National Convention at Mother Bethel AME church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1855: Bill to establish FAMU sponsored by T.V.R. Gibbs.
1861: Hampton Institute founded in Virginia.
1850: Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act.
1893: E.R. Robinson patented the electric railway trolley.
1830: First Negro Convention of Free Men agreed to boycott slave-produced goods.
1815: General Andrew Jackson honored the courage of black troops who fought in Battle of New Orleans.
1994: The Clinton Administration awarded 13.4 million dollars to 28 historically black colleges.
1863-1954: Birth date of Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
1957: Desegregation of Central High School, Little Rock Ark.
1957: Federal Troops enforced court ordered integration as nine children integrated Central High School (AK).
1990: Black Leaders decided that those of African descendants should be called African Americans.
1912: WC Handy published Memphis Blues, the first Blues Song.
1895: National Baptist Convention organized.
1864: Thirteen blacks won the Congressional Medal of Honor.